New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo speaks about reproductive legal rights at Barnard College, January 7, 2019, in new York City. (Getty Images)

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ALBANY – brand-new York lawgiver Tuesday authorized the most sweeping set of protections come the state’s abortion legislations in 49 years, increasing emotions from advocates and also opponents that descended ~ above the state Capitol for most of the day.

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The Reproductive health Act, clogged for years when Republicans managed the State Senate, quickly passed both Democratic-controlled houses.


The measure, i m sorry Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo conveniently signed into law Tuesday night, was driven through by Democrats that now control both legislative houses. The Senate passed that 38-24. In the Assembly, it passed by a 92-47 margin.


In the challenge of calls at the federal level to undermine abortion rights, the bill maintains abortions as legal within 24 main of the begin of a pregnancy – “or at any kind of time when crucial to safeguard a woman’s life or health.’’ Late-term abortions had previously been authorized under state legislation if they meant conserving the life that a woman.


The measure, i beg your pardon takes impact immediately, expands access to abortions by authorizing other health professionals – beyond physicians under a 1970 state legislation that came three years front of the landmark Roe v. Go U.S. Supreme Court decision – to carry out abortions.


Physician aides will be permitted to additionally carry the end surgical abortions and licensed midwives and nurse practitioners have the right to do nonsurgical procedures using medications if they space “acting within his or she lawful border of practice," according to the legislation.


“The Legislature find that substantial reproductive health care is a fundamental component that every individual’s health, privacy and also equality," reads the opening sentence that the brand-new law.


Signs and citizen lobbyists were scattered transparent the Capitol. “Late term children feel pain," read one sign of an anti-abortion protester. A woman nearby held increase a pink sign that simply stated: “Pass RHA.’’


Advocates to speak the measure is needed to protect abortion accessibility in brand-new York in the event the can be fried Court overturns Roe v. Wade. Tuesday to be the 46th anniversary that the landmark court ruling.


“There are many bills that room in the hopper at miscellaneous levels of government seeking to lug the best test situation to the can be fried Court for an fully overturning that abortion. What the would perform would be to revert (the issue) to the states. Brand-new York would be one of the claims where a woman’s basic rights would certainly be protected," stated Assemblywoman Deborah Glick, a Manhattan Democrat and the bill’s sponsor in the 150-member Assembly.


Glick said parts of the measure up passed Tuesday were around codifying brand-new York law with federal situation law, consisting of Roe v. Wade. Other sections, together as expanding who can perform abortions, go past those case laws to stake out brand-new legal soil in brand-new York.


In 2016, the many recent year because that which statistics are available, 82,189 abortions to be performed in the state. Ninety-one percent to be performed in settings various other than a hospital. Fifty-seven percent the those were for women in between the eras of 20 and also 29. Just over 1,700, or 2.3 percent, were conducted when fetuses to be at or ~ 20 weeks old. Just over 2,800 abortions were performed in Erie and also Niagara counties that year, follow to state health Department data.


To cases that the brand-new measure will increase late-term abortions, Glick said such actions “are normally individual tragedies. Those are wanted pregnancies that either walk awry or a woman’s wellness is considerably impacted." She said women needing late-term abortions frequently needed to take trip to various other states due to the fact that abortions performed after the 24th week various other than to conserve a woman’s life to be a criminal penalty.


But critics, led chiefly by republicans in the Legislature, say the measure will lead to much more abortions in brand-new York, particularly later in a pregnancy.


“The proponents have been saying this is just a codification that Roe v. Wade. It’s a far more dramatic development of abortion," claimed State Sen. Kris Jacobs, a Buffalo Republican. "It will make it much much easier for so late term abortions and also partial birth abortions."


Jacobs said new York’s longtime state permitting legitimate abortions till the 24th mainly of a pregnancy is currently among the longest in the world, and also that the new provision enabling later ax abortions for also the “health” the the mother have the right to be understood as psychological or emotional conditions.


“I feel as though they’re using the are afraid of the supreme Court law something together a capability to drastically expand abortions rights in this state. I believe even pro-choice people, if lock knew what was in this bill, would not be donate of it," the lawmaker added.


In his State that the State in 1970, then-Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, a Republican, called the state’s abortion regulations “archaic." tho on the books was one 1830 statute that allowed abortions – at any type of time during a pregnancy – if the mummy life remained in danger.


“I urge your humble body to deal with the distinctions of the past and also to provide favorable action to much-needed regulation on abortions reforms," Rockefeller told lawmakers.


Later that session, new York made national headlines and also joined a motion by a grasp of various other states in do abortion legal. 3 years later, the supreme Court OK"d abortion.


Last week, Cuomo proposed taking the Reproductive wellness Act a action further: placing abortion protections into the state constitution. “Let’s create the civil liberties of Roe v. Wade right into the state constitution so it can never be changed. No matter what wake up politically," Cuomo claimed in his State that the State speech.


In 1970, prefer now, a leading voice versus the abortion efforts was the Catholic Church, i m sorry in 1970 characterized the abortion bill as “tragic." critical week, bishops in new York, acknowledging they had lost another abortion hit in Albany, stated the new measure “will expand our state’s already radically permissive (abortion) law.’’


The course to i of the RHA began in earnest in the Assembly in 2006. Republicans in manage of the Senate reliably blocked the measure up over the years. The GOP supremacy ended v decisive defeats at the hands of democracy in November.


Pink – via scarves, ties and jackets – to be the color of the work for many lawmakers, who went back to Albany after ~ a lengthy weekend to pass a invoice whose result had little drama given that both houses already committed to providing it early on in the new 2019 session.


Senate bulk Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins, a Westchester Democrat, recalled just how she introduced the abortion measure in 2007. She stated the idea was dubbed “crazy” and a “solution search a problem” since no one really assumed Roe v. Wade could be overturned.


Now, with a conservative bulk on the supreme Court’s bench and also with trump card vowing to fight to undo part abortion rights, she said Tuesday that initiatives to drown Roe v. Walking in Washington and elsewhere space real.


“Today, in brand-new York, we are saying no. Not right here in brand-new York. And we’re not just saying no. We’re saying right here in brand-new York women’s health and wellness matters," she claimed at the Capitol in a rarely joint press conference in between Senate Democrats and their other Democrats in the Assembly.


Senate Republicans, though, warned the the brand-new measure will have actually dangerous consequences. They claimed the law repeals criminal code language concerning illegal abortions. They brought a mrs to the Capitol indigenous the Bronx who was attacked last year by she then-boyfriend; the many stabbing killed the 26-week-old fetus she to be carrying and the guy was charged v committing an illegal abortion.


State Sen. Catharine Young, an Olean Republican, stated taking the illegal abortion language out of the penal password is “an attack on a woman’s basic right come pregnancy." castle sought, and also lost, to get an modification for particular criminal charges against individuals who actions result in miscarriage.


During the Senate debate, State Sen. Andrew Lanza, a Staten Island Republican, claimed the brand-new measure will treat someone that punches a woman that is no pregnant in the stomach “precisely the very same under ours penal code as punching a pregnant woman v the will of ending her pregnancy and also in truth doing so.”


“I need to disagree v my colleague,’’ stated State Sen. Liz Krueger, a Manhattan Democrat and the bill’s sponsor in the Senate. She said other criminal penalties, such as first degree assault, provide prosecutors with tools to seek far longer jail sentences versus domestic violence attackers, because that instance, 보다 the expiring abortion language in the criminal law.


“We don’t disadvantage any type of women … by transforming our laws however we do protect a far greater variety of women to get, without discrimination, the health treatment services when they require them,’’ Krueger claimed to Lanza.


“There is nothing radical about this bill. The decision around whether to have an abortion is deep personal," she said, including that federal government should not play a duty in those decisions. Krueger said brand-new York legislation failed to accomplish the requirements of Roe v. Wade and it to be time come redo “antiquated” abortion laws.


State Sen. Plunder Ortt, a phibìc Tonawanda Republican, claimed Democrats’ cases that the RHA bill is needed due to the fact that of assaults by trump card on Roe v. Walking is “disingenuous in ~ best” since the measure has been kicking roughly Albany long prior to Trump became president. “The truth is this bill clearly defines … the we simply do no place any kind of value, legitimate speaking, ~ above the life of the unborn child,’’ he said.


The Reproductive health and wellness Act to be accompanied by two various other pieces that legislation. First, health insurance plans would be required to cover every FDA-approved contraceptive drugs and devices, and voluntary sterilization procedures. Supporters stated it will alleviate unintended pregnancies, and includes preserving an existing “conscience protection” for religious employers come opt out of having to sell contraceptive coverage in your employee health plans.


An additional component of Tuesday’s package bans discrimination based upon an employee or a dependent’s reproductive health and wellness decision-making. It bans an employee from accessing information about a worker’s decision to have an abortion without written permission indigenous the employee. It likewise permits polite actions versus employers who violate the bill’s provisions.


The brand-new York Health plan Association, which to represent 26 controlled health treatment plans in the state, claimed insurers already carry out an selection of contraceptive alternatives through the federal Affordable care Act. However the new measure greatly increases coverage and will add to insurance prices for employers and consumers.


Democrats compliment the day. “It’s another barrier-breaking job in brand-new York," Stewart-Cousins, the new Senate majority leader, added.


The councilor cautioned that lawmakers “by no means” believe important decisions about whether to experience an abortion “are to be taken lightly.”


Stewart-Cousins claimed the abortion measure up is simply one outcome of the autonomous takeover that the Senate, i m sorry will quickly see brand-new laws on everything from immigration to marijuana legalization in some way.


“You vote for us for a reason. We’re below to carry out what new Yorkers intended us come do," the Senate leader said.


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