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Along v the angry President, the President"s cabinet members are his most essential advisors. This snapshot shows chairman Reagan, Vice president Bush, and Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

You are watching: All parts of the federal bureaucracy share which characteristic?


Even the specialists can"t agree top top the total variety of federal federal government agencies, commissions, and also departments.

Most approximates suggest there space probably more than 2,000 the these. Lock each have actually an area of field of expertise — some much wider than others — but their duties often overlap, making administration more difficult. To complicate things also more, countless agencies have counterparts in ~ the state and also local level. That is size, complexity, and overlapping obligations leave the federal bureaucracy open to constant attempts to reorganize and also streamline.

Congress has the power to create, organize, and also disband all commonwealth agencies. Many of them room under the manage of the President, although couple of of lock actually have actually direct contact with the White House. So, the bureaucracy has 2 masters — Congress and also the President. The administration generally falls into four wide types: room departments, government corporations, live independence agencies, and also regulatory commissions


Cabinet departments
room of State Treasury department Department of Defense department of Justice department of the interior Department of farming Department of business Department of labor Department of transportation Department of Housing and Urban development Department that Health and Human solutions Department of energy Department of education and learning Department that Veterans AffairsDepartment of countryside Security

The cabinet Departments

The 15 room departments are each headed by a Secretary that sits ~ above the President"s Cabinet. The exemption is the justice Department, i m sorry is top by the lawyer General, who is additionally a member the the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries space responsible because that directing the department"s policy and for overseeing the operation. Cabinet secretaries room usually torn in between their responsibilities as presidential advisers and heads of their departments.


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As the first woman cabinet member, Frances Perkins served for 12 years, helping draft legislation such together the Social security Act and also the an initial federal minimum fairy laws.

Each has a distinct area of policy, return their responsibilities are still very broad. The company of every is quite complex, however they have actually some things in common. Every Secretaries have a Deputy or Undersecretary, and also a hold of Assistant Secretaries, who all direct significant programs within the department.

Most departments are divided into bureaus, divisions, and also sections. Because that example, the FBI lies within the domain of the righteousness Department, and the secret Service is currently within the Treasury Departmeny agency, but soon come be moved under the auspices the the department of Homeland protection .

Government Corporations

Government corporations do not belonging to any type of department — they was standing on your own. Probably the best-known federal government corporations are the United claims Postal Service and also Amtrak. They are different from other agencies in the they are businesses created by Congress, and also they fee fees for their services. Like any other business, federal government corporations have private vain — such as commonwealth Express and also United Parcel organization — and sometimes state competition — such together the brand-new Jersey Transit Authority.


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At the moment of that is creation, NASA to be assumed by many to it is in a defense-related agency. Today, that brings countries together in highly publicized efforts like the International room Station presented here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies very closely resemble room departments, but they space smaller and less complex. Generally, they have narrower locations of responsibility than perform Cabinet departments. Many of this agencies room not complimentary from presidential control and are independent just in the sense that they are not component of a department.

Congress creates them as separate agencies for many reasons, practical and symbolic. For example, when the national Aeronautics and room Administration (NASA) to be established, countless members of congress assumed the it would certainly be a component of the department of Defense. However, it is one independent company because the space program has plenty of other objectives than the defense of the nation.


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The ATF (now the office of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and also Explosives) was transferred from the department of the Treasury come the room of justice in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These agencies regulate necessary parts the the economy, making rule for large industries and also businesses that affect the understanding of the public. Since regulatory commissions room "watchdogs" that by their very nature have to operate independently, they are not part of a department, and the president does no directly regulate most of them. Every commission has from 5 come 11 members appointed by the President, but the chairman cannot remove them for the size of their terms in office.

Examples of this commissions space the Securities and Exchange Commission, i m sorry regulates the share market, brokers, and also investment practices. Another well-known the supervisory board is the federal Reserve Board that governs the nation"s monetary policy. The ecological Protection company serves as a guardian over the nation"s environment, making and enforcing standards for the industrial and also commercial sectors.

With end 2,000 various agencies, the federal administration is almost particular to run into problems with organization, overlapping responsibilities, and also efficiency. Almost every current President has come into office identified to refashion and trim the bureaucracy. However, none has actually been able come make much more than boy adjustments. Well-established agencies have lives of their own, and are daunting to change. Besides, the country has large, complex, requirements requiring distinct attention. A big bureaucracy is a part of the government"s attempt to fulfill those needs.


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NASA Homepage
The national Aeronautics and an are Administration, according to that website, is an invest in America"s future. Explore this incredible website, from its pages on room flight to ladies in NASA. Click on "other cool sites" for an ext neat stuff than you could visit in one day. Don"t miss out top top the flash movie the NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which can be regarded on home windows Media Player.

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The federal Deposit insurance money Corporation (FDIC)
What happens if your financial institution goes bankrupt? You get your money back — if your bank is insured by the federal Deposit insurance money Corporation. Since 1933, the FDIC has been keeping America"s faith in the financial establishments alive. Take a look in ~ the organization and also browse its main website here.

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U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpson renders the meltdown of a atom reactor in a strength plant seem funny, however in fact it have the right to cause an international devastation. The nuclear Regulatory board of directors is responsible for making sure that strength plants are safe from the moment they are developed to the moment that they room shut down. Take it a look in ~ what they perform at their main website.

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The Securities and also Exchange Commission
The stock industry crash that 1929 crippled the U.S. Economy and devastated the resides of millions of Americans. What walk the federal government do to make sure that something like that never ever happens again? They established the Securities and Exchange Commission, which monitor investment practices of American businesses. If you have an attention in the stock market, it"s worth her time come wade with this main website.

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Federal trade Commission
You"ve checked out the board game Monopoly, however did you recognize that actual monopolies room usually illegal? The Federal trade Commission provides sure that service providers follow the law, usage fair service practices, and don"t deceive the consumer. They additionally protect consumers by investigating complaints and educating us about what to look the end for. The FTC"s official website renders for an amazing read because that anyone who might do company in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you gaining your money"s worth? examine here before you make a acquisition to find out how you might be hoodwinked if friend aren"t careful.
DefenseLink — The U.S. Department of Defense
With the Army, wait Force, naval Corps, and the navy under that auspices, the room of Defense is the part of the government assigned to maintaining national security. Its main website has actually pages top top such threats to the U.S. As tools of mass destruction and also anthrax, and also online memorials come fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and also much more.
Joint Chiefs that Staff
The head honchos the each army branch comprise the share Chiefs of Staff, who advise the president on armed forces matters. Find out about the composition and also philosophy that the organization here.
The United states Department of Justice
Attorney basic Janet Reno and her office are responsible because that finding and also prosecuting federal criminals. The official Department of justice website is full of exciting information, including the FBI"s many wanted list and also pages on hot topics from institution violence to the death penalty.

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U.S. State Department
Even though only 1% the the national budget plan goes to international affairs, the State room does several of the many publicized government-related job-related in the country. The same company that represents the U.S. In the United countries is responsible because that negotiating trade agreements and also issuing passports and also visas. Take a look at at few of the State Department"s recent jobs at their official website.

See more: Are Bb Guns Illegal In Nj ? Can You Legally Shoot A Bb Gun In Nj

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United says Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury room monitors the government"s financial institution accounts, prints money, and also investigates taxation evasion, among many other duties. Discover out the answers to all her questions about one the the oldest workplaces in the U.S. Federal government at their main website.

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