Founded by part 30 leader of the Christian Right, the Alliance Defending flexibility is a legit advocacy and training team that has supported the recriminalization of sex-related acts between consenting LGBTQ adult in the U.S. And criminalization abroad; has defended state-sanctioned sterilization of trans human being abroad; has competed that LGBTQ human being are more likely to interact in pedophilia; and claims the a “homosexual agenda” will destroy Christianity and also society. ADF likewise works to construct “religious liberty” legislation and case legislation that will allow the rejection of goods and services to LGBTQ people on the communication of religion. Since the election of chairman Trump, ADF has become one that the many influential groups informing the administration’s strike on LGBTQ rights.
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Founded by part 30 leaders of the Christian Right, the Alliance Defending flexibility is a legit advocacy and training team that has:Supported the recriminalization of sexual acts in between consenting LGBTQ adult in the U.S. And also criminalization abroad
ADF also works to construct “religious liberty” legislation and case legislation that will allow the rejection of goods and also services to LGBTQ people on the communication of religion. Despite its constant defamation that LGBTQ people, the group has regulated to win distinct advisory status at the united Nations, in the europe Union, and with the company of American States. Since the choice of president Trump, ADF has end up being one of the most influential teams informing the administration’s assault on LGBTQ rights
In Its own Words
“Allowing males to contend in the female category isn’t fair and destroys girls’ strong opportunities. Males will constantly have natural physical advantages over comparably talented and trained girls—that’s the factor we have girls’ sporting activities in the first place. And also a male’s belief around his sex doesn’t remove those advantages.” – ADF legal counsel Christiana Holcomb, referring to trans female athletes together male in ADF news release, 2019
“Men who self-identify together women space still biological men. Sure, they can take artificial hormones to do themselves appear much more feminine, style their hair, and also wear makeup (or not). Yet being a woman is an ext than a physical appearance or a feeling—it is a organic reality. And no lot of wishing or desire will certainly ever readjust the fact that a feminized man will never ever truly endure what it is to it is in a woman.” – Marissa Mayer, senior web writer, on the ADF website, 2019
“The only surprise is the rapidity with which this destruction of our person dignity has occurred. It has actually occurred, through raging effect, and also within twelve months, top top the heels of federal government mandated acknowledgment of same-sex ‘marriage’ – one oxymoronic institution if ever before there was one. And, because that its radical adherents, this has actually led come a deification that deviant sexual practices. The has further resulted in the inevitable and aggressive persecution the devout Christians who refuse to bow to the false god of sex-related license.” – ADF-affiliated attorney Charles LiMandri, “The Tyranny that Made-Up sexual Identities, 2015
“The endgame the the homosexual legitimate agenda is unfettered sex-related liberty and also the silencing of all dissent.” – ADF an elderly Counsel Erik Stanley in ~ the Gospel, Homosexuality, and also the Future of marital relationship conference, 2014
“Alliance Defending flexibility seeks to recuperate the robust Christendomic theology the the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries. This is catholic, global orthodoxy and it is desperately an essential for cultural renewal. Christians have to strive to construct glorious cultural cathedrals, fairly than shanty tin sheds.” – Blackstone legitimate Fellowship website, 2014
“When offered the same an option the can be fried Court the the joined States had in Lawrence vs. Texas, the Indian Court go the best thing. India chose to protect society at big rather than offer in come a vocal decimal of homosexual advocates. … America requirements to take note that a nation of 1.2 billion people has rejected the road towards same-sex marriage, and understood that these type of bad decisions in the long run will harm society.” – Benjamin Bull, previous executive director of ADF Global, on the recriminalization of consensual sex in between adults that the exact same sex in India, 2013
“And in the food of the now hundreds of cases the Alliance Defense money has now battled involving this homosexual agenda, one point is certain: there is no room for compromise v those who would call evil ‘good.’” – Alan Sears, speak at the civilization Congress of households gathering in Madrid, Spain, 2012
“The federal government should promote and also encourage solid families. When school officials have to choose in between protecting kids in those family members or furthering the homosexual agenda, the an option is obvious: protecting our kids comes first.” – Austin Nimocks, then-ADF senior counsel the opposite a “Welcoming Schools” curriculum, 2008
“In the end, those that profess to it is in ‘gay’ or ‘lesbian,’ or who have otherwise slipped in and out the homosexual behavior, including ‘cruising’ for anonymous partners, are world who succumb come a attention temptation.” – Austin Nimocks, then-ADF senior counsel, creating at TownHall.com, 2007
“As the homosexual agenda proceeds to sexualize ours culture, other once-forbidden behaviors are exalted together just more alternative lifestyles. The result is the the wellness of millions of kids is at risk, in addition to the ideal of parental to safeguard their youngsters from sexual exploitation.” – Alan Sears and also Craig Osten, The Homosexual Agenda: Exposing the principal Threat to spiritual Freedom Today, 2003
“We point out the new promotion the pedophilia in the paper definition of talking around the affect of homosexual behavior on college campuses, because, in spite of all objections come the contrary, the 2 are frequently intrinsically linked.” – Alan Sears and Craig Osten, The Homosexual Agenda: Exposing the principal Threat to spiritual Freedom Today, 2003
“The worry under rational-basis review is not whether Texas have to be concerned about opposite-sex sodomy, but whether the is reasonable to believe that same-sex sodomy is a distinctive public health problem. It plainly is.” – ADF attorney Glen Lavy, counsel of record, amicus brief, Lawrence v. Texas, 2003
According to its website, the Alliance Defending liberty (ADF) was released on the morning that Jan. 31, 1994, during a meeting of much more than 30 Christian leaders, in order come “defend religious freedom before it was too late.”
The starting board and also original funders contained James Dobson of focus on the Family; bill Bright that the Campus Crusade for Christ; D. James Kennedy that Coral Ridge ministries (now D. James Kennedy Ministries); and also Don Wildmon, founder of the American family members Association. Its original purpose was to protest the ACLU and other “radical groups” as well as to fight for “religious liberty.” since its founding, ADF has broadened its operations abroad as it war abortion, LGBTQ equality, and what the considers the “myth” the the separation that church and state.
Originally referred to as the Alliance Defense fund (the name adjusted in 2012), ADF has been capital cases and also training attorneys because its inception, claiming the it is “advocating for liberty in court,” despite it likewise is working to “change the culture,” because, that says, legit victories aren’t enough. In other words, ADF is attempting come eradicate the separation of church and also state and also graft its version of conservative Christianity ~ above the legit profession and the society at big through its legit strategies, the cultivate of countless attorneys and also its advocacy of policy changes at the state and federal levels.
ADF has actually several efforts that assist train conservative Christians. These encompass a selection of programs designed because that young lawyers, consisting of the Young Lawyers Academy, i beg your pardon schools brand-new U.S. Attorneys and also provides avenues to “engage the culture and join a network of Christian attorneys around the globe,” and the Areté Academy, i m sorry “launches highly achieved university students and also recent graduates top top a route to future management in law, government, business, and also public policy.”
ADF Academy is a training regimen that purports to equip participants to “effectively support for spiritual liberty, the sanctity that life, and marriage and also family.” ADF claims more than 1,800 lawyers have actually participated. The organization likewise offers the secretive blackstone Legal Fellowship, through which Christian regulation students examine under significant scholars, take part in internships, and prepare because that life and also leadership in the legit profession. Because 2000 (the year that Blackstone’s inception), ADF insurance claims it has actually trained more than 1,600 law students from 225 law schools in 21 different countries.
In 2014, the blackstone website provided that component of its main point curriculum included a analysis list that not everyone would agree with. “No offense and certainly, no proselytizing, is intended,” ADF stated. “Rather, Alliance Defending liberty seeks to recuperate the robust Christendomic theology of the 3rd, 4th, and also 5th centuries,” which, the declare continued, “is catholic, universal orthodoxy and also is desperately an essential for cultural renewal.”
ADF likewise has a legitimate academy that, according to a 2013 media kit, is a “state-of-the-art lawyer training project” released in 1997. Attorneys who attend the academy do so totally free of charge, yet they are required to do 450 hours of agree bono occupational over a three-year period “on behalf of the human body of Christ” and the mission of ADF. Previous sessions that the academy consisted of topics together as properly equipping attorneys “to battle the radical homosexual legit agenda,” upholding the sanctity the life and also parental rights, and defending religious liberty.
Alan Sears was the longtime president, CEO and general counsel the ADF till January 2017. He served in various positions during the Reagan and George H.W. Bush managements and additionally worked for the department of Justice and also was appointed manager of the lawyer General’s board of directors on Pornography.
Under Sears’ leadership, ADF increased its training, funding and also outreach not only domestically however internationally. Making use of its global platforms, ADF works with policymakers and other institutions to outlaw abortion, deny equality and marriage come LGBTQ human being worldwide, and also continue to push for a hard-right Christian theocratic worldview that is reflected in legislation and also policies.
In January 2017, ADF named longtime theocratic right-wing activist, attorney and also Baptist minister Michael Farris as its second president, CEO, and general counsel. Farris left the Convention the States, which that co-founded in 2013, to take it the place at ADF. The Convention the States supporters for holding simply what its name implies—a convention that states—to add amendments come the structure in bespeak to prevent “the federal spending and also debt spree, the strength grabs the the commonwealth courts, and other misuses of federal power.”
Farris’ background in the spiritual right dates back to the 1970s, as soon as he protest the Equal legal rights Amendment. In the early on 1980s, he to be head of Jerry Falwell’s Moral majority in Washington state, and, in 1983, he established the home School legit Defense combination (HSLDA), a legal advocacy team that is additionally a ministry to “defend and advancement the constitutional appropriate of parental to straight the education of their children and also to defend family freedoms.” according to its mission statement, the HSLDA counts on “parental rights” and also “religious freedom” to insurance the “fundamental, God-given, constitutional ideal of parents and others legitimate responsible for their children to straight their education.”
Farris also signed on to the initial 1986 Coalition of Revival (COR) Manifesto, the same year the he served as treasurer because that the Committee to draft Pat Robertson for President. Farris was component of the COR steering committee. Among COR’s positions to be this one: “We deny the anyone, Jew or Gentile, believer or unbeliever, private person or public person is exempt from the moral and juridical obligation prior to God to send to Christ’s Lordship over every facet of his life in thought, word and deed.” one more COR need was the one be “willing to it is in martyred because that Jesus Christ and the establishment of his Kingdom right here on earth” and likewise be ready to submit to the “hierarchical order” God has created, “in i m sorry we are willing come submit as to Christ come employers, polite government, and also church leaders, and within families, wives to your husbands, and children to their parents.”
Farris, that ran because that lieutenant branch of Virginia in 1993 (he lost), also founded the elite evangelical Patrick Henry College (PHC) in Purcellville, Virginia, where HSLDA is based. PHC is often referred to together “God’s Harvard” and, though an extremely small, is a popular training ground because that the spiritual right and a pipeline because that conservative work in Washington, D.C. College student in PHC’s Strategic intelligence Program, for example, have the right to graduate with protection clearances indigenous summer internships and also end increase in the CIA, FBI or the nationwide Security Agency.
The HSLDA, whereby Farris stays on the board, has end up being a powerful lobbying tool for the Christian best in regards to education. Despite its members just make up about 15% of the nation’s 1.5 million homeschooled children, it has actually been highly influential in derailing homeschooling regulations in many states. “I’ve never ever seen a lobby more powerful and also scary,” claimed the legislative branch director because that Michigan autonomous representative Stephanie Chang in 2015.
In 2010, ADF to be granted unique consultative status at the joined Nations, which allowed ADF attorneys come attend and also intervene in ~ treaty and also convention drafting meetings. In that capacity, ADF attorneys are positioned to assist craft language top top the global stage that cleaves come ADF’s agenda that Christian primacy in the general public arena.
Also in 2010, ADF was accepted into the EU Transparency Register, which permits the company to affect policies of institutions of the europe Union. Due to the fact that granted this status, ADF has, according to that website, “provided many expert opinions and keynote addresses to europe Parliament committees and inter-groups.”
And, in 2014, ADF was accredited through the Organization the American States (OAS), the world oldest regional organization, developed to encourage state sovereignty and human rights, democracy, security and also development. With accreditation native the OAS, ADF attorneys room able to influence policy by attending meetings and also debates—to fight “groups promoting abortion and radical sex-related agendas.” ADF has additionally received main accreditation for the organization for Security and also Co-operation in Europe and the EU an essential Rights Agency. Currently, according to its website, ADF has actually offices in Mexico City, Vienna (the headquarters the its worldwide arm), Brussels, London, brand-new Delhi, Geneva and also Strasbourg, France. It likewise offers training in locations around the world too as access to grants and consultation.
Battling the "homosexual agenda," happy sex and marriage equality
ADF’s longstanding antipathy towards LGBTQ human being has come to be public v its work on lawsuits, assorted statements the leaders have actually made and materials the has available on that website over the years. It has actually also promoted the idea of a “homosexual agenda”— a nefarious scheme to damage Christianity and, eventually, civilization through LGBTQ people’s efforts to certain equality under the law. To those who believe in this conspiracy theory, LGBTQ civilization are not really search equality; rather, they space actually seek to damage such things as Christianity, the family and culture.
Sears co-wrote a book an initial published in 2003 and still obtainable called The Homosexual Agenda: Exposing the primary Threat to spiritual Freedom Today. The authors claim that ADF has nothing however “respect, compassion, and sensitivity toward those ensnared in homosexual behavior.” but they then go on to assistance the pseudoscientific and also dangerous exercise of so-called “ex-gay” therapy, come falsely claim that LGBTQ civilization are more likely to interact in pedophilia, and also to case that colleges are “indoctrinating children” into being LGBTQ. Lately, the authors breathlessly claim, “homosexual actions on university campuses is acquisition a dangerous brand-new turn — the promotion of sexual relations between adults and also children, known as pedophilia.” regardless of all clinical objections to the contradictory — practically all legitimate clinical associations have actually debunked the once-common insurance claim that gay males molest youngsters at greater rates 보다 straight men — Sears and his co-author urge that homosexuality and pedophilia “are intrinsically linked.”
The book also argues against any type of residential partnerships or polite unions since they “will eventually damage the school of male-female marriage.” In addition, the publication claims, “radical homosexual activists have actually the family, and specifically innocent, vulnerable youngsters in your sights together well.”
One that ADF’s previous “affiliated organizations” to be something dubbed the Corporate source Council (CRC), who website was registered come ADF. The CRC was energetic from 2002 till 2012, and the URL to its former website defaulted come the main ADF site (snapshots of it are available in the net archive). The CRC declared on its website that it was offering “objective analysis” the the worth to enterprise “of family- and also faith-friendly employee policies.”
The site contained several white records that argued versus domestic partnerships and also protections for LGBTQ human being in the workplace. One attempted to rundown why residential partnerships were not great business policy, saying the only little numbers of world use them and in any kind of event the exercise “requires employers to treat cohabitation together equal come marriage.” Another, by longtime anti-LGBTQ activist Maggie Gallagher, urged employers to support only marriage between a cisgender woman and also a man and also to prevent supporting domestic partnerships, which, she argued, “discourage marriage” and also send “a confusing signal, providing the appearance of offering an suitable context because that having and also raising children.”
Still one more white paper was the infamous record by virulently anti-LGBTQ activist and also medical physician John Diggs, title “The Health dangers of Homosexual Sex,” which declared there are “serious medical consequences to same-sex behavior.” Diggs contained several false claims about LGBTQ people, saying, in effect, that since they room LGBTQ, they space promiscuous (according to the paper, lesbians have actually far more sex with men than right women do), don’t live as long as right people and also are holy ghost ill. The paper also consisted of graphic descriptions of various sexual methods allegedly “common” among LGBTQ people.
ADF also has operated to store LGBTQ sex criminalized. In 2003, the team filed an amicus brief in the landmark Lawrence v. Texas case, in which the U.S. Can be fried Court ruled that various laws prohibiting personal sexual acts between LGBTQ adult were unconstitutional. In the brief, page after page describes, in graphic detail, vaginal, oral and also anal intercourse and also various infections the may result from the latter. ADF argued that the Texas ban was in the interest of windy health, because gay men and also lesbians, the short contended, interact in “risky” sexual behaviors that rise the spread of sexually sent diseases. “The issue under rational-basis review is not whether Texas need to be concerned around opposite-sex sodomy,” the argued, “but whether it is reasonable to believe that same-sex sodomy is a distinct public health and wellness problem. It plainly is.”
In 2003, Farris, before joining ADF, additionally co-wrote a 2003 amicus brief with ADF attorneys Jordan Lorence and also Joshua Carden in support of Texas’ criminalization that LGBTQ sex in Lawrence v. Texas. Farris provided his affiliation in the quick as the facility for the original Intent the the Constitution, i beg your pardon was developed in 1998 by the HSLDA and then was relocated under the auspices of Patrick Henry College. The brief said that claims should deserve to police and criminalize sex-related behavior, stating: “Defining the criminality of specific forms of sex-related conduct, such as same-sex sodomy, is a policy worry that has actually historically and properly been left to the state legislatures.”
ADF has additionally involved itself in war over marriage equality, perhaps most visibly in the court battle over California’s Proposition 8, the amendment that overturned marital relationship equality in the state. When opponents of Prop 8 filed a sue questioning the constitutionality the the amendment, ADF sought to intervene, as did the anti-LGBTQ dislike group Liberty Counsel, which had represented project for California Families, a team that had been effective in previous anti-LGBTQ marital relationship initiatives. The group ADF to be affiliated with, Protectmarriage.com, was allowed to safeguard Prop 8 quite than the team Liberty Counsel functioned with.
The attempt did no go well for the Prop 8 defendants, who produced couple of witnesses to assistance their contention that marital relationship equality harmed children and heterosexual marriage. The court discovered one witness short qualifications to offer any kind of expert testimony; another, a Claremont college professor, just rebutted a limited aspect the the plaintiffs’ case. One more proponent of Prop 8 who readily available testimony claimed the “homosexuals are 12 times more likely come molest children” (a falsehood) and also that permitting marriage equality would cause states “to fall into Satan’s hands.” The witness claimed the web as the source of this information.
Prop 8 to be struck down in august 2010 by U.S. District Judge Vaughn Walker, that ruled the the modification violated due procedure and equal defense rights. Liberty Counsel showed up to reprimand ADF for a negative showing, stating in one Aug. 4, 2010, press release the ADF protest the Liberty Counsel’s aid and that also Walker express concern about the lack of proof presented in ~ trial through ADF. Regardless, the Prop 8 defendants filed an instant appeal. The ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld Walker’s ruling in February 2012 but on narrower grounds. The situation went come the U.S. Can be fried Court, which rule in June 2013 the Prop 8 supporters had actually no right to very nice the district court ruling.
ADF, which has suggested that removing anti-LGBTQ legislations from criminal codes will pave the way to marriage equality, has operated to store those regulations on the books, but mostly overseas due to the fact that the U.S. Can be fried Court struck down anti-sodomy laws in this country. The group has recommend anti-LGBTQ institutions in countries like Belize that room trying to save the legislation that criminalized LGBTQ sex on the books. That regulation was declared unconstitutional by the Belize supreme Court in 2016.
In various other instances, ADF leadership has safeguarded criminalization, as when Benjamin Bull, previous director the ADF Global, applauded the Indian can be fried Court’s decision in 2013 that recriminalized LGBTQ sex, making it punishable by up to 10 year in prison. The court go the right thing, Bull said, choosing to “protect culture at large rather than offer in come a vocal minority of homosexual advocates.”
Bull also traveled come Russia in 2014 as part of a planning committee because that a Russian conference organized by the anti-LGBTQ hate group World conference of Families. (The conference was canceled in the wake up of Russia’s intrusion of Ukraine but shows up to have convened under a different name.) The plan committee accused met v Yelena Mizulina, a member of the Russia parliament and one that the architects the Russia’s anti-LGBTQ laws.
Bull left ADF in 2017 and also worked briefly at the Washington, D.C., offices of Texas-based an initial Liberty before coming to be vice president and also general counsel in ~ the National center on sexual Exploitation.
Other ADF attorneys have actually publicly promoted retaining anti-sodomy laws. Jeffrey Ventrella and Piero Tozzi, two an elderly counsels because that ADF at the time, speak at a 2012 conference in Jamaica, through Tozzi defending the laws as a “bulwark” against an unspecified “agenda.”
In 2011, Tozzi filed one amicus brief together with Brian Raum, another ADF attorney, in a instance being heard through the Inter-American Court of person Rights, Karen Atala Riffo v. Chile, the an initial LGBTQ case heard by the court. (The court is an autonomous judicial institution based in Costa Rica. Along with the Inter-American the supervisory board on human Rights, it provides up the human rights protection system of the organization of American States.)
The plaintiff in the case, Karen Atala, was a Chilean judge that divorced she husband, another Chilean judge, in 2001. She had complete custody of her daughters, yet in 2004 a Chilean court ordered she to relinquish custody to she husband, ruling that due to the fact that she was living v her female partner, her lesbian relationship placed the breakthrough of her children at risk.
Atala lodged a complain of discrimination through the Inter-American commission on human being Rights, which asked the Chilean court to justification its ruling. The case ended up through the Inter-American Court, and also after a years-long battle, the court ordered the Chilean government in 2012 to salary Atala restitution.
The ADF amicus brief, which argued that sexual orientation need to not be a classification of non-discrimination in the convention of person rights in the americas (the American Convention of human Rights), claimed that Atala to be “using her daughters” together a means to further her an individual goals and had placed her very own interests and also achievements above the understand of she children, regardless of the “emotional and social damage” that her cohabitation through a mrs partner had on her children. The brief also argued the Atala was “imposing” her way of life on her daughters and that sex-related orientation have to not be used in claims of discrimination, further arguing that “empirical evidence” mirrors that sexual orientation can adjust for a “significant variety of individuals.”
ADF International, the organization’s international arm, has additionally been extremely busy in Romania, where it has partnered with groups that have ties to far-right Christian nationalism and white nationalism.
The work after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the Masterpiece Cakeshop decision ~ above June 5, 2018, ADF worldwide tweeted its opposition to a decision by the Court of justice of the european Union (CJEU). That decision, in the case Coman and Others, held that the residency rights of same-sex couple married in one EU nation must be well-known in every EU countries, even if the nation doesn’t recognize marital relationship for same-sex couples. In this case, among the men is American and the other Romanian. They had actually been legally married in Belgium yet were denied the ideal to live as a married couple in Romania.
ADF International has been working to acquire civil partnerships in between members that the same sex banned via the country’s constitution because at the very least 2015. It filed a quick at the Romanian constitutional Court pushing because that a referendum in July 2016. The team then organized a conference to push for a referendum in April 2017 and further advocated for it come go through at the UN person Rights Council.
ADF International collaborated carefully in Romania with a cumulative of local groups under the banner the the Coalition because that the family (Coaliția pentru Familie). Among the coalition’s cofounders, Bogdan Stanciu, is head the the anti-choice group Pro Vita in Romania. Stanciu was likewise the administrator or Romanian Altermedia, a consortium the white conference radio stations, newsletters and websites affiliated through David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klan leader. The German Altermedia website was prohibition in that nation for its neo-Nazi content; the Romanian Altermedia website featured similar content. Stanciu was likewise head of a group dubbed Noua Dreapta (New Right), a far-right ultranationalist Christian company with antisemitic and anti-Roma views. He wrote for the team from 2001-04.
The president of Romania’s Coalition because that the household was accused through the U.S. Embassy in Bucharest of arranging an anti-LGBTQ, Christian nationalist protest at the Romanian Peasant Museum whereby people brought signs analysis “Die F------” and “Get out of the country” when others supplied Nazi salutes.
ADF International has actually also misrepresented the involvement in Coman and also Others, explain on that website that it to be a “third party intervener” in ~ the CJEU, even though ADF to be never allowed to take part in the situation in front of the EU court.
ADF is also involved in education. Its initiatives to refuse rights and dignity to LGBTQ students days to at the very least 2005 (when the was well-known as Alliance Defense Fund). The year, the team launched the so-called “Day that Truth” project with other groups, including emphasis on the Family, come combat the “promotion of the homosexual agenda.” The day of truth was meant to counter the recurring “Day that Silence” (held in April), in i beg your pardon students continue to be silent together a protest and to help spread awareness around the impacts of anti-LGBTQ bullying.
The original Day of reality website had a piece called “The Ten huge Myths that Homosexual Behavior,” listed by the anti-LGBTQ dislike group Mission: America. It additionally included a “fact sheet” detailed by the now-defunct ex-gay group Exodus, which had many false claims around LGBTQ people, including that a “deficiency the same-sex love” in a who background will reason that human being to it is in LGBTQ. The sheet also claimed the LGBTQ human being can “change” (to heterosexual). And also it stated that marriage between couples that the exact same sex should not it is in allowed, as “there are moral, social, and medical factors why homosexual habits should not be affirmed.” It likewise claimed that LGBTQ civilization are promiscuous, violent and also mentally ill. In 2009, Exodus took over the work of Truth, however in September that 2010, it pulled that support and provided it ago to ADF, claiming the the event had become too divisive and also confrontational. Nevertheless, the “fact sheet” was still publicly obtainable that year. In 2011, emphasis on the family members took over the job of Truth and also renamed it “Day of Dialogue,” return ADF is still available for legal counsel because that students, something it has declared throughout the event’s history.
ADF likewise promotes the use of specific language in efforts to discredit and undermine LGBTQ people and reproductive rights. A media kit available on the ADF website indigenous 2012 with 2014 listed a page that listed its wanted terms in a “Media referral Guide.” part examples include using “homosexual agenda” for the lesbian and gay civil civil liberties movement; “cross-dressing” and also “sexually confused” fairly than the ax transgender; “gender-identity confusion/gender confusion” for sex identity; “(leftist) sexual indoctrination programs” for sexual education programs and health education; “sexual preference/choice” for sexual orientation; “sexually mutilated male/female, self-proclaimed male/female, biological male/female” because that intersex person/male/female; “special legal protections, privileged class” for equal rights, equal protections and also protected class; and using quotation marks about the word marriage when introduce to same-sex couples and around words hate once referring to dislike crimes.
Like other anti-LGBTQ groups, ADF opposes anti-bullying initiatives that effort to defend LGBTQ students. In 2012, ADF teamed increase with emphasis on the Family to develop a “yardstick” to compare what makes a “good” anti-bullying plan versus what provides a “bad” policy. A “good” policy, by ADF’s measure, “does not solitary out teams for special protection; rather, prohibits bullying against all students” and “does no use materials or class
Policies the prohibit bullying based on sexual orientation and also gender identity, the products say, “open the door to the advance of the politics agenda that homosexual activist teams in schools.” The adoption of such policies, the materials add, has resulted in “public schools subjecting young students come books, lessons, and programs draft to breakthrough the homosexual agenda and undermine traditional notions of sexuality and the family.”
The yardstick also states that bullies have to not be educated to think differently around their victims and also states the schools need to limit anti-bullying policies to on-campus incidents, consisting of cyber-bullying, and also that public institution teachers should not be compelled to report bullying. It additionally calls for forbidding investigation of bullying without the consent that the bully’s parents. ADF’s preferred policy likewise abolishes anonymity because that crime victims listed below legal age and calls for no investigation right into anonymous complaints uneven “good reason or threat of impending physical harm exists.” It likewise says exclusive schools must be freed from state anti-bullying laws.
One ADF attorney, Erik Stanley, told a 2014 conference in Nashville, Tennessee, the Matthew Shepard’s murder has been “debunked” as one anti-gay “hate crime” that had been provided by pro-LGBTQ activists to breakthrough the “homosexual legitimate agenda.” This case is a famous conspiracy theory amongst anti-LGBTQ groups, turning on the theory that Shepard was murdered end drugs or because that some various other reason unrelated come his sexual orientation. Yet it is a case that has been debunked.
ADF has actually made great on its hazards to sue institutions that accommodate infectious diseases world fashion students. In early September 2016, ADF filed a lawsuit against a school district in Minnesota. The suit insurance claims that cisgender girl were resulted in “distress” since a infectious diseases world fashion student who identifies as female was using school facilities designated because that women. The infectious diseases world fashion girl had actually requested usage of the framework in 2014 ~ transitioning, and also the college district i agree in early 2016.
Aside from playing to the myth of predatory actions by infectious diseases worldwide girls, ADF consistently misgendered the infectious diseases worldwide girl in that is lawsuit and also accused her of dancing to according to music “with sexually explicit lyrics in the locker room when ‘twerking,’ ‘grinding,’ and lifting up his dress to expose his underwear.”
Since the legalization of marital relationship for same-sex couples in the United claims in June 2015, ADF has ramped increase its authorized in so-called “religious liberty” legislation and lawsuits that portray discrimination against LGBTQ civilization as a “right.” across the country, opponents of LGBTQ equality are working to sway state legislatures to pass laws recognized as Religion flexibility Restoration action (RFRAs) that enable individuals and businesses to refuse goods and also services to LGBTQ people on the communication of their privately held religious beliefs. The RFRA narrative often contains the idea the Christians room a “persecuted minority,” victimized by a secular (and pro-LGBTQ) “agenda.”
In keeping with the falsehood the Christians are a persecuted minority and also no longer have free speech rights, ADF public official make frequent reference to shedding even an ext rights, frequently within their in its entirety idea the things like the “homosexual agenda” space taking away the rights of Christians that speak out against it.
Sears gave an interview in 2014 to The Remnant, a radical traditionalist Catholic newspaper, in i beg your pardon he seemed to be fostering that narrative. He said that history demonstrates that a democracy without worths turns right into totalitarianism and that “utopians” look for to re-order culture by “forging draconian new laws and also forcing new behaviors top top others.” Often, Sears said, “these dictatorial decrees are done in the surname of ‘equality,’ i m sorry really method the subjugation of individuals, families and society to the State and also its currently fashionable schemes such utopians look for to set and control.” He asserted that violence and also destruction outcomes “with punishment applied on all that oppose the fabrication of their ‘new world orders’.”
ADF, i m sorry claimed, at the very least in 2016 on its website, the it does no promote legislation or lobby government officials, was involved in both drafting and also promoting Arizona’s S.B. 1062, the RFRA bill that was at some point vetoed by Gov. January Brewer in at an early stage 2015 after ~ a backlash complying with its initial passage.
ADF was also intimately affiliated in crafting Mississippi’s H.B. 1523, i beg your pardon passed at an early stage in 2016 and also was signed by Gov. Phil Bryant. The law permits people who do not agree with marriage equality or LGBTQ legal rights to withhold goods and also services without are afraid of legit repercussion. The bill contains protections for those who think that sex outside of marital relationship is bad and also for those who believe in a strictly binary sex identity. The Clarion-Ledger newspaper discovered that ADF assisted write H.B. 1523 and helped compose Bryant’s signing speech. Emails acquired by the paper reveal that previous ADF an elderly Counsel Austin Nimocks emailed Bryant’s administration two days prior to the U.S. Can be fried Court judgment on marriage equality in June 2015. The email included an fastened “model executive, management order” that would certainly “prevent state federal governments from discriminating versus their citizens since of your views about or actions worrying marriage.”
The Mississippi law was tested in court soon after the passage. U.S. Ar Judge Carlton Reeves blocked it from coming to be law in late June, saying the the legislation grants privileges to people who hold specific moral convictions, i beg your pardon “violates both the insurance of spiritual neutrality and also the promise of equal security of the laws.” Bryant stated he would certainly appeal and also ADF announced it would certainly serve as his co-counsel. In June 2017, the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed Reeves’ ruling, holding that the plaintiffs short standing in the case, therefore the statute got in effect. The U.S. Can be fried Court refused to consider the case.
ADF attorneys have also offered testimony and legal analysis to state legislatures in Kansas, southern Carolina, Tennessee and Colorado, particularly in donate of restrictive restroom bills the exclude trans world and versus legislation the protects LGBTQ world from discrimination. One ADF attorney additionally testified via telephone to the south Dakota legislative branch on a spiritual freedom bill.
ADF has actually been connected in other skirmishes regarding religious liberty, as when it attempted come manufacture a controversy in 2014 in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, by falsely claiming the the owner of a advertising wedding chapel were about to it is in arrested and also jailed for refusing to marry couples that the very same sex. The controversy dissolved when it was revealed the the chapel fell under spiritual exemption rules and also the owner of the chapel told neighborhood media the they had actually never been contacted by ADF attorneys, who rather were emailing city officials. A city spokesman stated that the city had actually never endangered to jail the chapel owners or take legal activity of any type of kind. In 2016, a federal judge tossed almost all of ADF’s cases in the Idaho case.
Another strategy ADF employs is “pre-enforcement” obstacles — the is, legal obstacles to nondiscrimination ordinances that protect LGBTQ people prior to a company or church is found in violation. One together case was filed in Colorado in September 2016. ADF claimed Colorado’s nondiscrimination protections room unconstitutional because they infringe ~ above a Christian internet designer’s freedoms of speech and religion. The state’s regulation makes illegal come refuse company on the communication of sexual orientation or come advertise discriminatory intent. A federal judge upheld Colorado’s regulation in 2019, and also in 2020 an very nice by the net designer to be pending before the 10th U.S. Circuit Court that Appeals.
A similar case filed through ADF in might 2016 associated two calligraphers who tested a city ordinance in Phoenix, Arizona, prohibiting distinguish on the communication of sex-related orientation in windy accommodations. The two had actually not to be asked to administer goods or services for a same-sex wedding, but they sued nevertheless so that their ultimate refusal to do so would certainly not it is in illegal. ADF said that the ordinance violates the women’s best to totally free speech. A judge rejected that claim in September 2016, and also denied ADF a preliminary injunction. The judge detailed that the plaintiffs “confuse conduct v expressive speech,” and also found that the law was no a burden to them. That is due to the fact that while the does stop them from refusing to carry out services or assets to same-sex couples, that does not avoid them from publicizing their religious views around marriage equality and LGBTQ human being in general.
After the choice of Donald Trump as president, anti-LGBTQ teams were granted unprecedented access to the White House. ADF, which had actually 55 affiliated attorneys who had previously been identified as serving in miscellaneous legislative and also judicial capacities on the state and also federal levels, was among those exerting affect over the administration.
In 2017, Attorney general Jeff Sessions consulted v ADF before issuing a memo outlining indict on interpreting federal spiritual freedom protections to federal government agencies and also departments. ADF senior counsel Greg Baylor noted that Sessions had met with the team in a series of “listening sessions” that Sessions himself had convened. Sessions also addressed ADF’s closed-door “Summit on religious Liberty” at the Ritz-Carlton, Laguna Niguel in Dana Point, California. The event was closed to the press, but following attention in the media, his remarks were leaked to the right-wing partisan site The Federalist.
In an additional striking move, the department of Justice filed one amicus brief before oral disagreements were made come the supreme Court in September 2017 in support of ADF’s Masterpiece Cakeshop lawsuit, in i m sorry a Colorado baker refuse to develop a wedding cake for a same-sex couple. Jack Phillips, the baker, refused the couple in 2012. Marriage for same-sex couples was no yet legitimate nationally, but the pair were plan to it is in married in Massachusetts, whereby it was legal. Colorado state legislation forbids differentiate on the basis of sex-related orientation, and the pair filed a complaint through the Colorado Civil legal rights Commission, which discovered that Phillips had discriminated against the couple.
The complaint resulted in a lawsuit against Phillips that was argued before the supreme Court in December 2017. Arguments were made by ADF’s Kristen Waggoner but likewise the U.S. Solicitor basic Noel Francisco, who may have been one ADF-affiliated attorney. The Nation reported that on two ADF push releases Francisco was listed as an allied attorney, though ADF later declared that their “media dept. Got it wrong.” ADF made several other transforms to that is website following The Nation’s report.
The Democracy front Foundation sued the DOJ in April 2018 to compel compliance with the liberty of information Act, stating the the DOJ has actually “failed to saturated respond to Plaintiff’s requests because that records worrying connections in between Noel Francisco, Solicitor general of the unified States, and Alliance Defending Freedom.”
The U.S. Supreme Court approve a narrow judgment on Masterpiece in June 2018, in which the majority stated the the Colorado Civil rights Commission had displayed bias versus Phillips’ religious beliefs once it sanctioned him, but the judgment upheld protections because that LGBTQ people and applied just to the Masterpiece case, thus preventing the larger problem of whether businesses have the right to discriminate on the communication of religion.
The court also issued a judgment in June 2018 on another ADF instance in which Barronelle Stutzman, owner of Arlene’s flower in Washington state, refuse to create flower arrangements for a same-sex pair planning a wedding. There, the court sent the case earlier to the Washington state supreme Court to hear again in the wake up of Masterpiece, for this reason opening other opportunity for ADF to attempt to carry it back to the supreme Court. In June 2019, the state supreme Court unanimously ruled against Stutzman, but ADF again asked the U.S. Supreme Court to hear the case.
ADF continues to it is in extremely active in terms of cost-free speech lawsuits versus colleges and universities via its center for academic Freedom project. It has partnered with the libertarian group Young Americans for Liberty in number of lawsuits versus colleges, including Kellogg neighborhood College in Michigan; university of Massachusetts-Amherst (settled in June 2018); and the college of California-Berkeley (settled in June 2018).
In an additional ADF lawsuit, brought by a Christian student versus Gwinnett neighborhood College in Georgia, the department of Justice filed a brief in assistance of the student, who asserted his spiritual rights were violated when he was not permitted to hand out Christian pamphlets top top campus. ADF sued, and the college readjusted its policy. As a result, the lawsuit to be thrown the end in a commonwealth court. ADF appealed the decision, due to the fact that the court failed to deal with whether the student’s constitutional civil liberties were violated.
ADF also filed a lawsuit against Arkansas State University in December 2017 on instead of of the college student group turning Point USA (TPUSA), claiming that the university has actually a too-restrictive decided policy. TPUSA has been dogged through the exploration that a couple of of the officers and members have ties to the white conference alt-right, as when previous TPUSA Florida field director Juan Pablo Andrade was attending a TPUSA student conference in December 2017 and also was filmed in a hotel room paid because that by TPUSA saying that the just thing the Nazis didn’t gain right was that they didn’t keep going.
In may 2018, ADF was dealt a blow in one of its anti-trans lawsuits against a college district in Boyertown, Pennsylvania. The 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, in an inexplicable move, ruled native the bench much less than one hour after oral arguments, striking under ADF’s attempts to ensure the further marginalization of trans students in the Boyertown Area school District. The district had imposed a trans-inclusive plan in 2016 that enabled students to usage restroom infrastructure in accordance through their gender identity. ADF sued on instead of of number of students who declared they felt uncomfortable sharing facilities with a trans classmate, claiming that the indict violated location IX and additionally the students’ best to privacy. Location IX prohibits sex distinguish in schools.
The circuit court’s ruling also pointed the end the anti-trans emotion underlying the lawsuit, stating that the appellants’ “real objection is come the existence of transgender students, not to any ‘environment’ their existence creates.” The allegations, the ruling additional noted, “include an assertion the a cisgender college student was harassed merely by a transgender student washing that student’s very own hands in a toilet or an altering in a locker room. The is not the type of conduct the supports a location IX hostile atmosphere claim.”
ADF shed again in June 2018 in among its pre-enforcement lawsuits — legal obstacles to nondiscrimination ordinances that defend LGBTQ people before a organization is found in violation. In this case, the Arizona Court of Appeals for department One ruled that the Phoenix-based Brush & Nib Calligraphy Studio can not legally hurt the city’s nondiscrimination protections because of the owners’ spiritual beliefs. The studio had actually not however discriminated versus any LGBTQ civilization but thought that the ordinance prohibiting differentiate on the basis of sexual orientation should be overturned or have to not use to religious beliefs.
The court referred continuously to the Masterpiece ruling to explain why Brush & Nib have to not discriminate. The ruling stated: “We recognize that a law permitting Appellants come refuse service to customers based on sexual orientation would certainly constitute a ‘grave and also continuing harm’” and also that “Allowing a merchant who offers goods and services for marriages and also weddings to refuse similar services for gay persons would an outcome in ‘a community-wide stigma inconsistent with the history and dynamics of civil rights legislations that certain equal accessibility to goods, services, and also public accommodations.’”
In April 2019, the U.S. Can be fried Court agreed come hear 3 cases that would certainly directly affect the lives of LGBTQ people. Every three resolve whether existing commonwealth bans top top sex distinguish in the workplace also prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. Among the situations is R.G. & G.R. Harris Funeral houses vs. Same Employment opportunity Commission. ADF is defending a Michigan-based funeral house that was sued by a longtime employee who stated she was fired due to the fact that she came out as transgender. The appellate court ruled in donate of the employee, and also the can be fried Court heard oral disagreements in the situation on Oct. 8, 2019.
ADF claims on that is website the lawsuit is trying come protect people from “unelected agencies” (the equal Employment chance Commission). Yet it additionally relies on anti-trans myths to case that enabling transgender ladies to store their jobs “undermines” cisgender women’s civil liberties because, follow to ADF, cisgender males will masquerade as ladies to access services because that women. ADF also claims the funeral home owner and the employee “parted ways” when, in fact, the employee to be fired.
Throughout 2019, ADF attorneys and also spokespeople showed up in a selection of news reports about their lawsuits versus transgender people. ADF engages in misgendering transgender people and also refers come trans women as “biological men” or offers male pronouns for transgender women. Deliberate misgendering is considered anti-trans harassment and harmful due to the fact that it denies them your identity and personhood.
In January 2019, ADF attorney Kristen Waggoner appeared on Fox News and repeatedly misgendered a infectious diseases world fashion woman who sue Colorado cake maker Jack Phillips (an ADF client) because that refusing to make a cake for her. In July 2019, ADF’s Christiana Holcomb appeared on NBC’s this day where she referred to transgender female athletes together “biological males.”
ADF likewise took increase the situation of an Ohio college professor who refused to describe a transgender student by her desired pronouns and also instead referred to her by her last surname only. The professor was disciplined by the university after the student filed a complaint, but the professor still refused to use the student’s preferred pronouns, claiming it was versus his free speech civil liberties and spiritual views to execute so. In February 2020, a psychological court dismissed the case, saying that misgendering student is not protected free speech and that government employees favor Nicholas Meriwether, who works in ~ a state-funded institution, Shawnee State University, have actually limited cost-free speech rights once they room performing your jobs. The court additionally determined the the very first Amendment go not protect them indigenous disciplinary proceedings.
Transgender athletes competing in girls’ sports became another anti-trans former in 2019 for ADF. In June, ADF filed a complaint with the U.S. Room of Education’s Office of Civil rights on behalf of three cisgender mrs high school athletes in Connecticut, though there is no critical proof that transgender athletes have advantages over cisgender athletes. Connecticut has a trans-inclusive plan with regard to its schools and also competing in sports, but ADF alleges the transgender girls have actually an unfair advantage over cisgender females since they’re “biological males” and are therefore stronger and faster.
ADF adhered to the complaint with a sue filed in February, 2020, suggesting that Title IX, the 1972 federal polite rights legislation that prohibits gender discrimination in programs that receive federal funding, go not apply to infectious diseases world fashion students. The law, ADF argues, to be designed to prohibit discrimination against cisgender girls and also women. If ADF is successful, trans student athletes may not be allowed to complete in institution sports in accordance through their sex identities. Three cisgender mrs high school track athletes filed suit through their mother alleging that enabling trans girls to compete against them results in “boys displacing girls in compete track occasions in Connecticut.” days after the lawsuit was filed, one of the plaintiffs in the case defeated her trans competitor twice in eight days, winning two state championships.
In march 2020, the room of justice filed a declare of interest in the Connecticut lawsuit to assistance ADF’s claims. The statement of attention contains comparable language come ADF’s, introduce to infectious diseases world fashion girls as “biological males” and also claiming that the policy permitting them to compete with cisgender girls deprives the latter “of the single-sex athletic competitions the are among the marquee achievements of title IX.”
The DOJ has filed various other statements that interest and amicus briefs supporting ADF’s anti-LGBTQ disagreements in that lawsuits end the past couple of years, consisting of in the Masterpiece Cakeshop case, and in the funeral residence case that went before the supreme Court in 2019.
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ADF also backed a nationwide campaign in 2020 to gain anti-trans sporting activities bills happen in state legislatures. In Arizona, it functioned with Republican state lawmaker Nancy Barto and the anti-LGBTQ group facility for Arizona policy to press such a bill. In Idaho, Republican state Senator mary Souza funded an anti-trans sports ban bill and claimed the Alliance Defending liberty had to be working through lawmakers on the bill and also would “be responsible for any type of legal defense fees.” The Idaho invoice passed and also was signed right into law through the governor in march 2020.