/tiles/non-collection/w/wilson_addressing_congress_lc_web.xml picture courtesy of Library of conference On December 13, 1913, Woodrow Wilson provided the first in-person yearly Message due to the fact that the 18th century.

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including President Donald J. Trump’s 2020 address, there have actually been a total of 97 in-person yearly Messages/State of the Union Addresses. Because President Woodrow Wilson’s 1913 address, there have been a full of 85 in-person addresses.

In 1945, chairman Franklin Roosevelt"s address was read to a share Session that the vxcialistoufjg.com and Senate. Because the president did not supply the address, that does no count together an in-person address.

Origins and Authorization

The formal basis for the State that the Union attend to is indigenous the U.S. Constitution:

The president “shall from time to time give to the Congress details of the State that the Union, and also recommend to their factor to consider such procedures as he shall referee necessary and also expedient.” post II, ar 3, clause 1.

The constitutionally mandated presidential message has actually gone with a couple of name changes:

It was formally recognized as the yearly Message from 1790 come 1946.It began to it is in informally referred to as the "state that the Union" message/address indigenous 1942 to 1946.Since 1947 it has actually officially been well-known as the State that the Union Address.

Earlier yearly Messages the the chairman included firm budget requests and general reports ~ above the wellness of the economy. Throughout the 20th century, Congress required more-specialized reports ~ above these two aspects, different from the annual Message.

Budget Message, forced by the National spending plan and audit Act the 1921 (42 Stat. 20) to be ceded to conference no much more than 2 weeks after congress convenes in January.Economic Report, forced by the Employment action of 1946 (60 Stat. 23), through a flexible shipment date.

over time, as the message content changed, the focus of the State that the Union likewise changed:

In the 19th century, the yearly message to be both a lengthy administrative report top top the various departments of the executive, management branch and also a budget and also economic message.After 1913, when Woodrow Wilson revitalized the exercise of presenting the blog post to congress in person, it came to be a platform for the president to rally assistance for his agenda.

Technological Change

First radio transfer of Message: president Calvin Coolidge, 1923. Very first live webcast on Internet: chairman George W. Bush, 2002. First high meaning television broadcast of Message, president George W. Bush, 2004.

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Record Holders

The longest: chairman James Earl (Jimmy) Carter 33,667 native in 1981 (written). President william J. (Bill) Clinton 9,190 indigenous in 1995 (spoken).1Average length: 19th century was around 10,000 words; so late 20th century, about 5,000 words.Most Messages/Addresses given: president Franklin Roosevelt, 12 (10 were an individual appearances before Congress).


1The American Presidency task at UC Santa Barbara, http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/sou.php (January 16, 2014).