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For the much better part of 2 centuries, endowment hunters have been trying, and also failing, come extract purported surprise treasure native the bottom the the Money Pit top top Canada’s Oak Island. And also though the prospect of finding countless dollars’ worth of buried treasure is interesting enough, over there are also dozens of theory attached to the island and also its supposed riches. They variety from the island being the residence of Captain Kidd’s buried treasure come the land"s supposed connection to ancient secret societies such as the Freemasons and Knights Templar—and whatever in between.

Here room the top 21 theories about the an enig of Oak Island.

The Captain Kidd Theory

This theory, floated in Season 1: episode 1 (“What Lies Below”), as soon as the Lagina brothers first took over ownership of the island, holds the Captain Kidd hidden his endowment on the island and also then cursed it and booby-trapped it, thwarting centuries of treasure hunters. The team discover the matter further in Season 4: illustration 7 (“All the Glitters”), talking points over with writer Randall Sullivan.


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The teacher Francis Drake Theory

In Season 5: illustration 7 (“The many Thickens”), historian Paul Speed suggested that a scrap that leather, purportedly provided in the bookbinding process, is tied to the 16th-century privateer and also his looting of hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of treasure from a Spanish galleon. This theory further says that Drake himself is buried on the island. “When girlfriend hit metal, you can have struggle his coffin,” claimed Speed.

The Cathar Theory

The Cathars to be a Christian sect active in Europe throughout the early Middle Ages. In Season 2: episode 6 (“Seven must Dye”), the team discover the possibility that the team had access to countless of Christendom’s best treasures, including the holy Grail and the Ark of the Covenant. This concept holds that Cathar monks handed turn off some, if not all, their prizes to the Knights Templar, another medieval Christian sect, for safekeeping. Once the Templars were disbanded, their prizes were supposedly secretly eliminated from Europe—possibly to Oak Island.

The Marie Antoinette Theory

Marie Antoinette was the Queen that France who shed her head in the French Revolution. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd chairman of the united States. For this reason what is the connection in between the two, and what perform they have to do v Oak Island? In Season 4: illustration 11 (“Presidential Secrets”), the team spoke with a chronicler who debated Roosevelt’s belief that the shed crown jewels the France wound up buried on Oak Island. This theory holds that Marie Antoinette’s gems were provided to a servant who spirited lock away, maybe to wind up on the island.


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The Shakespeare Theory

In Season 1: episode 4 (“The an enig of Solomon’s Temple"), the brothers met v Petter Amundsen, a Freemason who cases that Shakespeare created a coded map that leads to Nova Scotia, not much from Oak Island. He said that seemingly arbitrarily capitalization in Shakespeare’s works, misspelled words and also out-of-sequence page numbering can be the password that leads to the treasure—a trove include not only priceless gold, silver and jewels, yet even some lost Shakespeare manuscripts.

The southern Shore Theory

According to this theory, 16th-century philosopher and statesman teacher Francis Bacon buried “something incredible” ~ above the island and enacted booby traps over it. In Season 6: illustration 13 (“The document Chase”), the brother met with author Randall Sullivan, that speculated that a book of Bacon’s philosophical writings, published after his death, referrals the seas, pits, water and also shafts—all bearing similarities to the booby trap in the Money Pit.

The double Cipher Theory

In Season 2: illustration 5 (“The 90-Foot Stone”), Rick and Marty met v Daniel Ronnstam, a cryptographer who believes the a slab of stone found in ~ a depth the 90 feet holds a different set of ideas to the treasure than previously thought. In 1949, Reverend A.T. Kempton, using a basic substitution, determined that the rock reads, “FORTY FEET below TWO MILLION POUNDS room BURIED.” Ronnstam, however, believes the the cipher is actually 2 codes in one, consisting of both the initial English reading and also a Spanish version that, when interpreted into English, reads, “AT 80FT guide CORN long NARROW SEA INLET DRAIN”—supposed indict on just how to to win the booby traps the flood the pit.


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The Money Pit Is just A Decoy Theory

In Season 3: illustration 11 (“Sword Play”), Rick and Marty met with Mike and Sean Herold, a team of engineers who believe, based on the research study of a remote relative who explored the island decades ago, that the Money Pit to be a red herring, plan to command treasure-hunters far from the actual website of the booty. They suggest the actual site is just surrounding to the Money Pit, based upon the location of stones. Unfortunately, because those stones were ruined by previously expeditions, Rick and also Marty had to approximate whereby to look, and also came increase empty.

The Star Map Theory

In Season 6: episode 7 (“Rock Solid"), astrophysicist Dr. Travis Taylor met v the team. Taylor believes that symbols offered by Freemasons, as well as a map that the constellation Taurus, overlaid top top a map the Oak Island, reveal that the treasure is ~ above the western next of the island. A short expedition to some locations argued in Dr. Taylor’s research failed to rotate up anything conclusive.

The Nolan Theory

Fred Nolan, who explored the island and its mysteries for a couple of decades start in the 1950s, believed the synthetic carvings and also other markings on the island created a perfectly symmetrical cross, thought to have actually originated through the Knights Templar, the Christian warrior monks who amassed huge wealth while serving together bankers to europe’s most powerful medieval kings. In Season 3: illustration 7 (“The missing Peace”), the team got permission native Mr. Nolan come investigate locations he believed could hold hints to the treasure. A core sample taken in ~ the site revealed a possible void beneath the surface, a uncover that energized the yonsi Mr. Nolan, but failed to productivity treasure.


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The Sunken ship Theory

Is it possible that a vendor or pirate ship to be deliberately sunk, then buried in quicksand on Oak Island? the a prospect explored in Season 3, when Fred Nolan, that believes this theory, presented stack with proof of a sunken delivery in a swamp on the island. He likewise believed the the swamp to be man-made, deliberately developed to obscure a ship buried beneath its depths. In Season 4: illustration 3 (“Swamp Things”), the team go out right into the swamp through a experienced diver, and found a plank of wood v knots in it, arguing it had come native a ship. The concept will most likely be explored further in Season 7.

The little Mash Theory

Treasure hunter Gary Clayton met through Rick and also Marty in Season 4: episode 13 (“One that Seven”). Gary owns small Mash Island, a tiny spit of soil a couple of hundred yards north of Oak Island, which he believes was man-made, possibly by mr George Anson, one 18th-century British navy commander. Clayton believes there’s a tunnel between his island and Oak Island—with a feasible connection to whereby the purported treasure to be buried.

The Portuguese Templar Theory

Several theories imply that the sweetheart is tied, in one method or another, to the wealthy and secretive Knights Templar. In Season 3: illustration 4 (“The Overton Stone”), the team travel to the nearby town of Overton and met with chronicler Terry Deveau, that believes that a big carved boulder well-known as “The Overton Stone” commemorates a friendship in between Europeans and also a local tribe recognized as the Miꞌkmaq. Deveau think the stone carvings to be made by a team of Templars who pertained to the region from Portugal—and who maybe hid sweetheart on Oak Island.


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The Havana Theory

Metal-detection professional Gary Drayton, while trying out Lot 24 in Season 4: episode 8 ("The secret of Samuel Ball”), discovered a button, coins and also a chunk that lead, all thought to day from the 1700s. Follow to Oak Island chronicler Charles Barkhouse, the items suggest evidence of a brother encampment top top the island, possibly complying with the 1762 brother siege the Havana, Cuba, then vital Spanish navy base. The concept goes prefer this: during the siege, the British looted untold millions in yellow from the Spanish, who had actually themselves steal it from aboriginal Cubans. Then, as the priceless cargo was transported phibìc to Halifax, “rogue British naval officers” ordered the delivery to Oak Island, wherein they had the endowment buried.

The Aztec gold Theory

Author and historian john O’Brien met v the team in Season 3: illustration 6 (“Carved in Stone”), elevating the intriguing opportunity that Mesoamericans do their means north to Oak Island and also buried several of their mythic gold and also silver treasure there—to save it from being stolen through the Spanish.

The Christopher Columbus Theory

Researcher Jeff Irving met with the team throughout Season 3: episode 9 (“Columbus Day”), suggesting that the Oak Island treasure may in truth be the Ark that the Covenant, the Old testament artifact that supposedly has the rock tablets on i m sorry the Bible’s Ten Commandments were written. Irving believes Columbus was associated to the Templars, who ordered the Ark smuggled the end of Jerusalem, and also that the traveler may have somehow been involved in their efforts to heart it far to the brand-new World—Oak Island specifically.


The Knights Baronet Theory

In another variation top top the Knights Templar theory, Scottish author and also historian James McQuiston in Season 6: episode 20 (“Short Days and also Tall Knights”) laid out evidence for the idea that North American descendants of Scottish-based Templars, whose sect go by the surname “Knights Baronet,” were among those depositing treasure on the island over the centuries.

The Enochian room Theory

In the Old Testament, Enoch was the great-grandfather of Noah, the man who constructed the Ark on oh my gosh command. An ancient collection of texts provided by Freemasons, well-known as “The Legend the Enoch,” claims that he constructed an underground chamber to conserve all the world knowledge and also treasures native the coming good Flood. Author Alan butler met with the team in Scotland, in Season 6: episode 6 (“Precious Metal”), to define this belief that the Knights Templar followed Enoch’s lead and built the Money Pit come hold great treasure. In Season 7, the team guarantees to look an ext closely in ~ the island’s swamp for feasible clues come an Enochian chamber beneath.

The Zena Halpern Theory

Zena Halpern, among the myriad authors, treasure hunters, researchers and theorists who have actually lent field of expertise to the Lagina brothers’ team, speak in Season 4: illustration 1 (“Going because that Broke”) about a publication she’d written, which details claimed 12th-century trips made come the island by the Templars. In Season 5: illustration 10 (“The indications of a Cross”), Rick uncovered a lead cross v a loop at the top, favor those used by the Templars—purportedly the very first physical evidence of Templar task on the island.


The Rochefoucauld Theory

According come this theory, a French nobleman and naval captain named Jean-Baptiste Louis frederic de La Rochefoucauld, whose family members had historical ties to the Knights Templar, was apparently dispatched with the French Armada to Nova Scotia in the 1700s. In Season 5: episode 10 (“The sign of the Cross”), chronicler Doug Crowell explained to the team that he discovered evidence in a library that the fleet, led by Rochefoucauld, was moving treasure. Zena Halpern’s map mentions Rochefoucauld, and also a ship’s log in purportedly pointed out burying the vessel’s treasure in a pit.

The starting Fathers Theory

This theory also references Zena Halpern’s map and also the name “Rochefoucauld.” as researcher Bruce Lindahl and treasure hunter Justin Cannady described to the team in Season 6: illustration 22 (“Lost and Founding”), American starting fathers Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson both had connections come Rochefoucauld’s son, luigi Alexander Rochefoucauld. Lindahl and Cannady advanced the possibility that luigi Alexander told the prominent colonists around the treasure, so they could finance your war efforts against an excellent Britain. And also in an intriguing twist, the researchers imply that all the families, both French and American, had actually ties to the Freemasons and also Templars.

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