The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that babies be exclusively breastfed for about the first 6 months with ongoing breastfeeding if introducing proper complementary foods for 1 year or longer.1 The people Health Organization additionally recommends specifically breastfeeding up to 6 month with continued breastfeeding together with appropriate complementary foods items up to 2 year of period or older.2

Although most infants receive some breast milk, most are not solely breastfeeding or continuing to breastfeed as long as recommended.

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Healthy people 2030 Breastfeeding ObjectivesHealthy civilization 2030 Breastfeeding Objectives*BaselineTarget
Increase the relationship of babies who space breastfed specifically through 6 months of age.24.9%†42.4%
Increase the ratio of infants who space breastfed at 1 year.35.9%†54.1%
*Healthy human being 2030 Breastfeeding Objectivesexternal icon†Baseline rates represent babies born in 2015, nationwide Immunization Survey.
Key Breastfeeding indications of babies Born in 2018, nationwide Immunization survey 2019-2020Key Breastfeeding IndicatorsCurrent Rates
Percentage of infants who space breastfed: Ever.*83.9
Percentage of infants who are breastfed: At 6 months.*56.7
Percentage of babies who are breastfed: At 1 year.*35.0
Percentage of babies who are breastfed: Exclusively with 3 months.*46.3
Percentage of babies who room breastfed: Exclusively through 6 months.*25.8
Percentage of job that have worksite lactation assistance programs. †51.0
Percentage that breastfed newborns who receive formula supplementation within the an initial 2 work of life.*19.4
*Current rates represent infants born in 2018, national Immunization inspection 2019–2020.†Current prices represent employers providing an on-site lactation/mother’s room, society for Human resource Management, 2019 surveyexternal icon.

Rates that Breastfeeding Vary across States and Regions.

Infants in rural locations are much less likely to ever before breastfeed than infants living in urban areas.3

Breastfeeding Disparities Exist.

Fewer non-Hispanic Black babies (75.5%) are ever breastfed compared with asian infants (92.4%), non-Hispanic White babies (85.3%) and also Hispanic infants (85.0%).3Infants standard for and receiving the distinct Supplemental Nutrition regimen for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are less likely to ever before be breastfed (76.9%) than infants eligible, but not receiving WIC (83.3%), and also infants ineligible because that WIC (91.6%).3Younger mother aged 20 to 29 years are much less likely to ever before breastfeed (81.2%) than mothers age 30 year or larger (85.9%).3

Why do Mothers avoid Breastfeeding Early?

Sixty percent of mothers execute not breastfeed for as lengthy as they intended to.4How long a mom breastfeeds her baby (duration) is affected by many factors including:

Issues with lactation and latching.4Concerns around infant nutrition and also weight.4Mother’s concern about taking drugs while breastfeeding.4Unsupportive work policies and lack the parental leave.5Cultural norms and also lack of household support.5Unsupportive hospital practices and also policies.6

What deserve to You perform to assistance Breastfeeding?

Visit The surgeon General’s contact to action to assistance Breastfeeding come learn just how you can participate in a society-wide method to assistance mothers and babies who space breastfeeding.

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What Is Being done to enhance Rates?

Because of the prominence of breastfeeding for the health and wellness of mothers and also babies, supports breastfeeding with hospital initiatives, job-related site accommodation, continuity of care, and also community assistance initiatives.

For much more information around hospital maternity methods in the United says that support breastfeeding, review “Vital Signs: enhancements in Maternity treatment Policies and Practices That assistance Breastfeeding—United States, 2007–2013.”


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Page critical reviewed: august 24, 2021
Content source: division of Nutrition, physical Activity, and also Obesity, National facility for Chronic condition Prevention and also Health Promotion
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