New Zealand will reform laws after the Christchurch massacre however how has actually gun regulate worked in various other countries?


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Floral tributes to those that were gunned down in the Christchurch massacre outside the city’s factory Garden. Photograph: Marty Melville/AFP/Getty Images
Floral tributes to those who were gunned under in the Christchurch massacre exterior the city’s factory Garden. Photograph: Marty Melville/AFP/Getty Images

Following the Christchurch shooting, in i beg your pardon 50 civilization were killed, new Zealand’s federal government has announced it will be reforming the country’s gun laws.

You are watching: Australia gun deaths before and after ban

According to the GunPolicy.org website preserved by the university of Sydney, brand-new Zealand right now has gun laws that are an ext restrictive in comparison to some nations but much more permissive 보다 others, such together Australia’s.

People must have a licence to own guns, and the licence calls for background checks. If dealers need to keep a document of the guns they sell, most weapons are not compelled to it is in tracked in a central register come monitor alters in ownership as result of private sales.


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New zealand law likewise permits property of semi-automatic rifles, such as the AR 15-style gun, used previously in us mass shootings. These rifles are able to it is in bought under a category A licence, however the licence only covers magazines that host seven cartridges. While it has actually been shown that the Christchurch shooter legally acquired at least four guns, consisted of two semi-automatic rifles, the shooter additionally reportedly used bigger magazines qualified of holding an ext ammunition.

In a press conference ~ above Monday, brand-new Zealand’s element minister, Jacinda Ardern, made certain reference come Australia’s implementation that stricter total laws adhering to the harbor Arthur massacre in Tasmania in 1996, in which 35 world were killed and 23 were wounded.

So, what happened with Australia’s laws, and how has gun regulate worked in various other countries?

The Australian situation

Following the harbor Arthur incident, Australia implemented the national Firearms covenant (NFA).


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Prohibited firearms that to be handed in under the Australian government’s buy-back plan after the port Arthur massacre. Photograph: David Gray/ReutersNew, uniform state gun laws banned rapid-fire weapons from civilian ownership except under certain, restricted licences, and established a government buyback that semi-automatic and also pump-action rifles and shotguns.

Another necessity was the all weapons must be individually registered, through all pistol sales tracked come record transforms in ownership. Previously, registration varied by state and also gun type. The laws decreased guns in Australia by about one-fifth, with an ext than 700,000 guns removed and destroyed.

There have actually been a variety of studies released on the impact of the NFA ~ above firearm-related deaths in Australia. Follow to a 2011 summary of the research by the Harvard Injury manage Research Centre, a number of studies suggested beneficial impacts from the legislation changes, v a reduction in massive shootings, and a palliation in the price of firearm-related deaths (both homicides and suicides) overall.

Researchers native the university of Sydney and Macquarie college in 2006, 2016 and 2018 looked at the variety of mass killings before and after the NFA, and also whether the legislation changes affected the number of firearm-related deaths. They found that there was a fall in the price of firearm deaths – specifically with suicides – but were cautious about attributing this come the NFA v the methods they used.

Their research additionally showed that while there had been 13 massive shootings (using the meaning of five or much more people killed) in the 18 years prior to the legislation changes, there had actually been no one in the 22 years complying with (though there to be one fixed shooting involving seven members the one family members at Margaret flow in west Australia in might 2018).

Modelling said that if shootings had continued at a similar rate as that prior to the NFA, then around 16 occurrences would have been meant by February 2018.


Firearm-related deaths in Australia

Another approach was take away by researcher from the Australian national University and Wilfrid Lauer University. In this study, the researchers used state-based distinctions in gun buybacks and showed “the largest drops in firearm deaths occurred in claims where much more firearms were bought back”.

While two studies discovered either no palliation in firearm deaths before and after the NFA, or a reduction only in firearm-related suicides, however not all at once suicides, the techniques for both of these researches were ultimately criticised by various other researchers.


Gun control in various other countries

A landmark, comprehensive review of studies looking at the efficiency of gun manage laws in 10 countries was released in 2016. Researchers at Columbia university reviewed 130 researches to translate into an overall photo of how effective laws limiting guns were in reduce deaths.

The writer concluded “the simultaneous implementation of regulations targeting multiple aspects of weapons regulations decreased firearm-related deaths in certain countries”, and also “some certain restrictions top top purchase, access, and use of weapons are associated with reductions in firearm deaths”.

More recently, additional studies on gun regulate in the US have actually been exit that show stricter regulations by us state, and states nearby, are linked with decreased suicide and homicide rates.

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● You can read more about new Zealand’s background with gun regulate here. Countless thanks come German Lopez for this article at Vox, which is whereby I very first saw number of of the records I’ve mentioned.