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Born:January 15, 1929AtlantaGeorgia...(Show more)Died:April 4, 1968 (aged 39)MemphisTennessee...(Show more)Awards and also Honors:Grammy compensation (1970)Nobel prize (1964)...(Show more)Notable Works:“I have A Dream”...(Show more)Notable family members Members:spouse Coretta Scott King...(Show more)

Martin Luther King, Jr., was a Baptist minister and also social civil liberties activist in the United claims in the 1950s and ’60s. He to be a leader the the American civil civil liberties movement. He arranged a variety of peaceful protests as head the the southern Christian leadership Conference, including the march on Washington in 1963. He winner the Nobel peace Prize in 1964, and, at the time, he was the youngest human to have actually done so. Discover more.

Martin Luther King, Jr., is recognized for his contributions to the American civil rights movement in the 1960s. His most famous work is his “I have actually a Dream” speech, delivered in 1963, in which he speak of his dream of a United says that is void the segregation and also racism. King also advocated for nonviolent approaches of protest, and also he organized and also staged numerous marches and also boycotts.

Martin Luther King, Jr., affected people roughly the world. He promoted for peaceful approaches to several of society’s biggest problems. He organized a number of marches and also protests and also was a crucial figure in the American civil legal rights movement. He was instrumental in the Memphis sanitation workers’ strike, the Montgomery bus boycott, and also the march on Washington. The holiday honoring King is often commemorated as the MLK job of Service, a enjoy of his legacy of addressing social problems through cumulative action.

Read much more below: historic significance and also legacy
What was Martin Luther King’s family members life like?

Martin Luther King, Jr., flourished up together the center child that Michael (later boy name Luther) King, Sr., and also Alberta Williams King. His father was the minister that Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta—the exact same church whereby Martin Luther King, Jr., would at some point minister. In 1953 King married Coretta Scott, and also the two had 4 children: Yolanda, young name Luther III, Dexter Scott, and Bernice.

How walk Martin Luther King, Jr., die?

Martin Luther King, Jr., to be standing ~ above a motel balcony in Memphis, Tennessee, top top April 4, 1968, when he to be shot through James Earl Ray. An hour later, King passed away at St. Joseph’s hospital. His death sparked riots throughout the country. In the United claims he is memorialized on the 3rd Monday of January every year—Martin Luther King, Jr., Day, i beg your pardon was first observed as a commonwealth holiday in 1986.

Martin Luther King, Jr., initial name Michael King, Jr., (born January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.—died April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee), Baptist minister and also social activist who led the polite rights motion in the United claims from the mid-1950s until his fatality by assassination in 1968. His management was an essential to that movement’s success in ending the legal segregation of afri Americans in the South and other parts of the joined States. King rose to national prominence as head of the southern Christian leadership Conference, which promoted nonviolent tactics, such together the substantial March ~ above Washington (1963), to attain civil rights. He was awarded the Nobel tranquility Prize in 1964.

Early years


Learn about the life and also career of martin Luther King, Jr.
Explore the life and success of American Baptist minister and also social activist martin Luther King, Jr.
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King came from a comfortable middle-class family members steeped in the legacy of the southerly Black ministry: both his father and maternal grandfather were Baptist preachers. His parents were college-educated, and also King’s father had actually succeeded his father-in-law as pastor of the call Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. The household lived top top Auburn Avenue, otherwise recognized as “Sweet Auburn,” the bustling “Black wall surface Street,” house to several of the country’s largest and most prosperous Black businesses and also Black church in the years before the civil civil liberties movement. Young Martin got a hard education and also grew up in a loving extended family.

This certain upbringing, however, did not stop King from suffering the prejudices then common in the South. He never ever forgot the time when, at around age six, one of his white playmates announced that his parents would certainly no longer enable him come play through King, because the youngsters were now attending segregated schools. Dearest to King in these early on years to be his maternal grandmother, whose fatality in 1941 left that shaken and also unstable. Upset because he had learned of she fatal heart strike while attending a parade there is no his parents’ permission, the 12-year-old King attempted self-destruction by jumping from a second-story window.

In 1944, at period 15, King entered Morehouse college in Atlanta under a unique wartime regimen intended to boost enrollment by admitting promising high-school students favor King. Before beginning college, however, King invested the summer ~ above a tobacco farm yard in Connecticut; it was his very first extended remain away native home and his very first substantial suffer of race relations external the segregated South. He to be shocked by just how peacefully the races blended in the North. “Negroes and also whites go the exact same church,” he provided in a letter come his parents. “I never that a human of mine race could eat anywhere.” This summer suffer in the North only deepened King’s farming hatred of racial segregation.

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At Morehouse, King favoured studies in medicine and law, yet these were eclipsed in his senior year by a decision to go into the ministry, together his father had actually urged. King mentor at Morehouse was the university president, Benjamin Mays, a society gospel activist whose rich oratory and also progressive principles had left an indelible imprint on king father. Committed to fighting racial inequality, Mays accused the african American community of complacency in the face of oppression, and also he prodded the black color church into social activity by criticizing its emphasis on the hereafter rather of the here and now; it was a contact to business that was not lost on the teenage King. He graduated from Morehouse in 1948.

King invested the next three year at Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, whereby he ended up being acquainted through Mohandas Gandhi’s approach of nonviolence and with the thought of modern Protestant theologians. He earned a bachelor of divinity degree in 1951. Renowned for his oratorical skills, King was chosen president of Crozer’s college student body, which was composed almost exclusively that white students. As a professor at Crozer wrote in a letter of reference for King, “The fact that through our college student body largely Southern in constitution a colored male should be elected to and be well-known together a place is in itself no mean recommendation.” native Crozer, King checked out Boston University, where, in search a firm structure for his very own theological and also ethical inclinations, he studied man’s relationship to God and also received a doctorate (1955) because that a dissertation title “A to compare of the Conceptions that God in the reasoning of Paul Tillich and also Henry Nelson Wieman.”