Deciding ~ above a ar to speak to home have the right to be a challenging process. You’ll must balance things prefer the price of life with job opportunities, quality of education and also safety. An individual preference additionally comes into the equation, together you’ll want to live somewhere with the species of attractions, entertain opportunities and also weather that suit you. Luckily, yes sir 50 states to pick from, indigenous frigid Alaska to sunny Florida. Each has its own benefits and drawbacks.

You are watching: Best and worst states to live in

If you execute the math, some states clearly outshine others in various categories. To find out the finest states come live, vxcialistoufjg.com compared the 50 states based upon 52 crucial indicators that livability. They variety from real estate costs and income growth to education and learning rate and also quality of hospitals.


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Main FindingsAsk the ExpertsMethodology

Main Findings


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Top claims to Live in


Overall Rank

State

Total Score

Affordability

Economy

Education & Health

Quality of Life

Safety

1New Jersey63.014932571
2Massachusetts62.604512155
3New York61.6347331812
4Idaho61.1615529254
5Minnesota60.9791641121
6Wisconsin60.9432201089
7Utah59.846282932
8New Hampshire59.594046353
9Iowa59.492013111618
10Pennsylvania59.2130422527
11Vermont58.5944624010
12Virginia58.581819162113
13Wyoming58.02122826396
14Florida57.87331421616
15North Dakota57.52281173819
16Colorado56.98291091035
17South Dakota56.85233284215
18Illinois56.6337492038
19Maine56.32369192214
20Nebraska55.61317143231
21Montana55.55278123037
22Connecticut55.05464131712
23Maryland53.623827152720
24Kansas53.512423302625
25Michigan53.281439351223
26Ohio52.922240381517
27California52.32502622428
28North Carolina52.171924341933
29Indiana51.74443333324
30Washington51.56352913947
31Missouri51.53522322442
32Delaware51.381734234830
33Texas50.903418361334
34Tennessee50.85811403139
35Georgia50.621630422329
36Rhode Island50.184836244311
37Arizona49.502617412040
38Oregon48.804215271444
39Kentucky48.691044374726
40West Virginia48.14245444622
41Alabama47.52138434141
42Hawaii46.71433774445
43Oklahoma46.071121483443
44Nevada45.913947391836
45Arkansas44.53335454546
46South Carolina44.521331463648
47Mississippi42.40746504927
48Louisiana41.892150493738
49Alaska40.174125315049
50New Mexico38.962548472850

Note: through the exception of “Total Score,” every one of the columns in the table above depict the loved one rank of the state, whereby a rank of 1 represents the ideal conditions for that metric category.

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Matthias HoelzleinAssistant Professor, department of business economics – college of Notre Dame review More
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Malcolm GetzProfessor of Economics, Emeritus, university of Arts and also Sciences – Vanderbilt University read More
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Mark PartridgePh.D. – Professor, department of Agricultural, Environment, and advancement Economics, Swank Chair in Rural-Urban Policy, university of Food, Agricultural, and also Environmental Sciences read More

Methodology

In stimulate to determine the best and worst claims to live in, vxcialistoufjg.com contrasted the 50 states across five crucial dimensions: 1) Affordability, 2) Economy, 3) education & Health, 4) top quality of Life, and 5) Safety.

We evaluated those dimensions utilizing 52 pertinent metrics, i m sorry are noted below with their corresponding weights. Every metric to be graded on a 100-point scale, through a score of 100 representing the many favorable life conditions. For metrics significant with one asterisk (*), the square root of the populace was provided to calculation the populace size in bespeak to protect against overcompensating because that minor differences across states.

Finally, we established each state’s weight average across all metrics to calculation its as whole score and also used the result scores come rank-order the states.

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Affordability - full Points: 20

Housing Affordability: full Weight (~2.22 Points)Note: This composite metric comprises the following calculations: Median house Price / Median yearly Household Income and also Median rental Price / Median annual Household Income.Median yearly Property Taxes: double Weight (~4.44 Points)Note: This metric to be calculated together follows: mean Real Estate taxation / Median home Price.Cost that Living: Quadruple weight (~8.89 Points)Median annual Household Income: full Weight (~2.22 Points)Homeownership Rate: complete Weight (~2.22 Points)

Economy - total Points: 20

Unemployment Rate: full Weight (~0.91 Points)Underemployment Rate: full Weight (~0.91 Points)Economic trust Index: complete Weight (~0.91 Points)Note: Gallup"s U.S. Financial Confidence index is the median of 2 components: 1) just how Americans rate existing economic conditions and also 2) whether they feeling the economic climate is boosting or acquiring worse. The index has a theoretical best of +100 if all Americans were to say the economic situation is act well and improving, and also a theoretical minimum the -100 if every were to say the economic situation is doing poorly and also getting worse.Share of populace Living in Poverty: complete Weight (~0.91 Points)Median blame per average Earnings: Triple load (~2.73 Points)Population Growth: complete Weight (~0.91 Points)Note: “Growth” compares the population size in 2019 versus in 2015.Income Growth: complete Weight (~0.91 Points)Note: “Growth” compares the median yearly household income number in 2019 versus in 2015.Building-Permit Growth: full Weight (~0.91 Points)Note: This metric compares the variety of annual new, privately own residential structure permits issued between 2018 and also 2020.Wealth Gap: full Weight (~0.91 Points)Note: This metric steps the difference in between the highest quintile and also the lowest quintile of mean household income.Job Opportunities: complete Weight (~0.91 Points)Foreclosure Rate: twin Weight (~1.82 Points)Bankruptcy Rate: complete Weight (~0.91 Points)Food Insecurity: complete Weight (~0.91 Points)

Education & health - full Points: 20

High school Graduation Rate: double Weight (~3.48 Points)Share of populace Aged 25 & Older through a High institution Diploma or Higher: complete Weight (~1.74 Points)Share of Insured Population: complete Weight (~1.74 Points)Quality of public Hospital System: complete Weight (~1.74 Points)Note: This metric is based on the Centers because that Medicare & medicaid Services’ ranking of windy hospital systems.Premature-Death Rate: half Weight (~0.87 Points)Note: This metric actions the “Average year of Potential Life Lost” rate. In other words, it refers to the average number of years a person dies before the age of 75. Bad or same Health: half Weight (~0.87 Points)Life Expectancy: complete Weight (~1.74 Points)Share of Live Births with Low Birthweight: half Weight (~0.87 Points)Share of Obese Adults: dual Weight (~3.48 Points)Share of Physically Inactive Adults: complete Weight (~1.74 Points)

Quality the Life - full Points: 20

Average Hours functioned per Week: full Weight (~0.93 Points)Average Commute Time (in Minutes): complete Weight (~0.93 Points)Miles that Trails because that Bicycling & wade per total State land Area: full Weight (~0.93 Points)“Bicycle familiar State” Ranking (proxy because that Bike Score): full Weight (~0.93 Points)Note: The ranking for each state is based top top a load score based ~ above the state’s score in every of the 6 categories provided on the Report Card. The weighted group scores space supplemented through discretionary scoring the accounts because that 10% of every state’s potential score. They incorporate discretionary scoring come account because that erroneous inspection data, claims with missing data, and also other factors that do not easily fit within the inspection data and also public data offered for the classification scores.oInfrastructure & capital – 20%oEducation & encouragement – 15%oLegislation & Enforcement – 15%oPolicies & programs – 20%oEvaluation & plan – 20%oDiscretionary Scoring – 10%Access come Public Transportation: double Weight (~1.86 Points)Note: This metric procedures the re-publishing of commuters who usage public transit.Quality that Roads: full Weight (~0.93 Points)Note: This metric steps the share of pavement in negative condition.Traffic Congestion: dual Weight (~1.86 Points)Restaurants every Capita*: dual Weight (~1.86 Points)Bars every Capita*: complete Weight (~0.93 Points)Museums every Capita*: full Weight (~0.93 Points)Performing arts Centers per Capita*: complete Weight (~0.93 Points)Movie Theaters every Capita*: half Weight (~0.47 Points)Fitness Centers per Capita*: dual Weight (~1.86 Points)Accessibility the Beaches: complete Weight (~0.93 Points)Note: written metric: includes variety of beaches every capita (sqrt the pop) and also average length of beaches.Air Quality: complete Weight (~0.93 Points)

Safety - full Points: 20

Violent-Crime Rate: complete Weight (~3.64 Points)Property-Crime Rate: dual Weight (~7.27 Points)Traffic-related Fatalities per Capita: fifty percent Weight (~1.82 Points)Total Law-Enforcement Employees per Capita: double Weight (~7.27 Points)

Sources: Data supplied to create this ranking were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau, bureau of job Statistics, commonwealth Bureau of Investigation, Centers for disease Control and also Prevention, Council because that Community and Economic Research, administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, United health Foundation, National center for education Statistics, American medical Association, TransUnion, Indeed, Centers because that Medicare & medicaid Services, insurance Institute because that Highway Safety, Highway lose Data Institute, The Road details Program, Gallup, Inc., Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Feeding America, eco-friendly Protection Agency, league of American Bicyclists, Renwood RealtyTrac and vxcialistoufjg.com research.